Soldiers and Social Media: Challenges, Advantages, and Disadvantages (2023)

By Sergeant First Class Michael Miller

198 Infantry Brigade

June 4, 2018

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Soldiers and Social Media: Challenges, Advantages, and Disadvantages (2)

Lt. Col. Scott Miller, commander of 1st Engineer Battalion, 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, held a Facebook Live town hall meeting with families of soldiers "Die hard". (U.S. Army photo by Cpl. Dasol Choi)

Maintaining a social media presence is typical of today's soldiers, so it's important that they comply with Army policies. With that in mind, using social media has its challenges and benefits.

Challenges include avoiding unacceptable political views, posting discriminatory comments or inappropriate material, participating in online gatherings, and infringing copyrights. On the other hand, benefits include social connections with family, friends, support groups, and networking opportunities with professional organizations.

In addition to these challenges and benefits, there are several downsides, including operations security breaches, risk to family safety, and misconduct as a negative reflection of the Army.

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Political Views

Political conversations can cause reactions on social media and at work. Soldiers may be tempted to express personal opinions about the country's political climate, which can lead to violations of the Uniform Code of Military Justice. In particular, disrespecting the US President through posts, memes, and videos is a violation of the UCMJ.1

Article 88 of the UCMJ establishes: "Any commissioned officer who uses derogatory words against the President, Vice President, Congress, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of a military department, Secretary of Transportation, or the Governor or the legislature of any State, Territory, Commonwealth, or the possession in which he is on duty or present, will be punished as determined by a court martial."2

Enlisted soldiers who make derogatory or disrespectful statements about political leaders may violate article 134 of the UCMJ when they make such comments on a social networking site.

Article 134 of the UCMJ establishes: "Although not specifically mentioned in this chapter, all disorder and negligence that threaten good order and discipline in the armed forces, all conduct of a dishonorable nature for the armed forces, and crimes and Non-capital offenses The infractions of which the persons subject to this chapter are guilty will be brought to the attention of a general, special or summary court martial, depending on the nature and degree of the infraction, and will be sanctioned at the discretion of that court."3

Because social media provides a seemingly anonymous platform for free speech and candor, soldiers can revert to personal politics, resulting in potential discrimination based on race, color, gender, religion, national origin, or sexual orientation. Soldiers may think they can easily share how they feel without fear of repercussions online, but this is wrong.4

One way to mitigate potential misconduct is to avoid posting what you wouldn't say in person.5Words spoken cannot be unspoken or unheard, and while it is possible to delete posts from social media, soldiers cannot be sure that the information is no longer visible.

inappropriate materials

The Army does not allow soldiers to display inappropriate signs in their barracks or offices; However, social networks allow everyone to post photos and videos however they want. The challenge here is that soldiers can feel entitled to post photos, videos or whatever they want without restrictions. Therefore, they must keep an eye on their positions, making sure they stay within the Army's standard of good order and discipline. A general rule of thumb to follow is that if a photo cannot be displayed in your office or barracks, the photos should not be posted online because the effects are the same, including the ramifications of such behaviors.

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Social networks can be a host for personal and professional development, as well as a means of communication within an organization. However, professional lines in a unit that has an uncontrolled presence on social media may develop inappropriate relationships.6

Professional relationships become inappropriate when conversations deviate from the original purpose of a unit's social media platform. Soldiers of different ranks and positions should wait until they are no longer assigned to the same immediate chain of command (battalion level) before becoming friends on social media, if at all. Unit posts must keep Soldiers and their families informed, without creating an environment that promotes or supports non-military action.

Army Regulation 600-20, Army Command Policy, section 4-14b states:

Soldiers of different ranks should be aware that their interactions do not create a real or clearly foreseeable perception of undue familiarity between an officer and an enlisted soldier, or between a sergeant and a noncommissioned officer.

All relationships between soldiers of different ranks are prohibited if:

  1. Compromising or appearing to compromise the integrity of the supervisory authority or chain of command.
  2. Causing real or perceived bias or injustice.
  3. Involve, or appear to involve, the misuse of rank or position for personal gain.
  4. Son, or are perceived as tales, of an exploitative or coercive nature.
  5. Creates a real or clearly foreseeable adverse impact on the command's discipline, authority, morale, or ability to accomplish its mission.7

copyright infringement

Finally, social networks increase the chances of copyright infringement. Soldiers should be aware of the protection status of the information, images, and videos they post. While some material is available for fair use, an owner may choose to protect their property or material. To use copyrighted material that displays a copyright message, please contact the owner for permission to use the material, or continue to find fair use material and give proper credit.8


social connection

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While there are many challenges for soldiers using social media, there are also many benefits. Maintaining personal connections with family, friends, and support groups is one advantage of social media. By communicating with friends and family through chat, photos and videos, soldiers relieve stress.

Equally important is access to support groups, which allow soldiers to receive help. For example, a former member of the author's previous unit was able to receive mental health support after posting what appeared to be a suicide note on Facebook. The soldier's friend immediately contacted the chain of command who located and provided assistance to the soldier.

In addition to keeping in touch with friends and family, accessing and networking with professionals and their organizations is another benefit of social media. As a result, social media can facilitate career opportunities for soldiers leaving the Army. There are several websites and other online resources that allow soldiers to post resumes and share information with potential employers. These services provide soldiers with contracting opportunities and help save money while they are looking for a job.

Soldier's Comments

The Army benefits from social media because it gives soldiers a voice on a wide variety of issues. For example, to continue to improve the fighting force, the Army can solicit and use Soldier input to develop systems and processes, or Soldiers can instantly communicate and support Army messages to friends, family, and the general public. Social media also opens up channels of communication, allowing Soldiers to access updates from the Army on current and upcoming programs and policies. In short, social media is not a replacement for face-to-face leadership; however, it reduces the time it takes for communication to reach individual soldiers.

On a different note, soldiers who violate the Army command's disparagement policy are subject to punishment under the UCMJ.9The best way to ensure this isn't a problem in the first place is to make corrections on the spot and escalate to disciplinary actions as necessary.


security operations

The Office of the Chief of Public Affairs [of the Army] explains that the security of operations is a main concern as the popularity of social networks increases.10The habit of publishing location via geotagging, which shares the user's location in real time, can lead to OPSEC violations and compromised missions. Terrorists can follow soldiers online to gather information for future attacks.

When soldiers share location and plans, they put personal and family safety at risk. Military identification information such as rank, name, and movement dates should not be posted online, in addition to equipment types and capabilities. Burglars can follow soldiers' social media posts to determine exactly when to rob a home or expect malicious intent.

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To aid in operational, personal and family security, the geotagging feature should be disabled on the social media platform in use. As Fitbit's recent geotagging security issue demonstrated, soldier locations can be found online via geotagging.

Related: Spy-friendly: fitness trackers and OPSEC risksby Dayton Ward, NCOJ

poor reflex army

Individual misconduct reflects negatively on Army values, discipline, and culture. Misconduct will affect how people view the Army and the mindset of potential recruits and their families.

Spoken words can echo before fading out over time; however, social media posts last forever, even after deleting them. It only takes one person to repost and reopen a wound. Soldiers must be smart and learn from their mistakes. More importantly, they must learn from the mistakes of others.


The Army cannot function on electronic communication alone, leaders must address communication challenges with their Soldiers before they become problems. Soldiers raised in a social media environment may not have the competency to carry on face-to-face conversations, but face-to-face communication is important when explaining key points and soliciting real-time feedback.

Developing a culture where soldiers understand the limitations of social media is critical to their overall understanding and appreciation of these platforms. The key to individual success is to think before you post. Additionally, leaders must continue to model the correct behaviors for young soldiers to emulate.


  1. “Article 88. Contempt for Officials”, website of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, accessed May 11, 2018,
  2. “Article 88. Contempt for Officials”, website of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, accessed May 11, 2018,
  3. “Article 134. General Article”, website of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, accessed May 18, 2018,
  4. Department of the Army Equal Opportunity Branch, Professionalization of Online Conduct, ALTRACT 075/2017 (Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army Equal Opportunity Branch, August 17, 2017),
  5. Department of the Army Equal Opportunity Branch, Professionalization of Online Conduct, ALARACT 014/2017, (Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army Equal Opportunity Branch, February 26, 2017),
  6. Department of the Army, "The Victory Standard," Fort Riley Standards Book (Washington, D.C. Department of the Army, 2016) 21,
  7. S. Army, Army Command Policy, AR 600-20 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 6 de noviembre de 2014),
  8. Victoria McGrath, "How to Tell if Images on the Internet Are Copyrighted," Legal Zoom website,
  9. Pomeroy Brenton, "It's Time to Get Into Social Media," Military Review, March 23, 2017,
  10. Office of the Chief of Public Affairs, U.S. Army Social Media Manual (Washington, D.C: Online and Social Media Division, Office of the Chief of Public Affairs, January 2011),


What are the disadvantages of social media in the military? ›

Because social media provide a seemingly anonymous platform for freedom of speech and openness, Soldiers may find themselves reverting to personal politics, resulting in potential discrimination based on race, color, gender, religion, national origin, or sexual orientation.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of being a soldier? ›

On the one hand, joining the military offers adventure, interesting work, travel opportunities and career training. However, the job is inherently dangerous, and there are no guarantees of where you will be stationed or how long a deployment to a remote war-torn country may last.

What are the advantages of social media in Army? ›

With so many military members using the platforms on a daily basis and military operations' global and fast-changing pace, social media offers military officers a way to collaborate, share best practices, learn from each other's experiences, and stay updated on topics relevant to their units in real time.

What are the challenges of being a soldier? ›

Challenges During Deployment
  • • Safety concerns.
  • • Hostile environment.
  • • Illness, injury.
  • • Trauma (e.g., combat, accidents)
  • • Exposure to toxins.
  • • Intense desert heat.
  • • Intense cold.
  • • Dehydration.

What are 5 negative effects of social media? ›

Social media harms

However, social media use can also negatively affect teens, distracting them, disrupting their sleep, and exposing them to bullying, rumor spreading, unrealistic views of other people's lives and peer pressure. The risks might be related to how much social media teens use.

What are the disadvantages of soldiers? ›

Some potential drawbacks of joining the military include:
  • It can be a dangerous job. ...
  • You can be away from loved ones. ...
  • It's physically demanding. ...
  • Military life is highly structured. ...
  • It's a huge commitment.
Nov 12, 2020

What is the advantage and disadvantages? ›

As nouns, the difference between disadvantage and advantage is that disadvantage is a weakness or undesirable characteristic; a con while the advantage is any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or any desired end.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of war? ›

Peace, love, and money are all advantages of war, but debt, death, and sadness are all disadvantages of war. Wright said "War arises because of the changing relations of numerous variables-technological, psychic, social, and intellectual. There is no single cause of war. Peace is an equilibrium among many forces.

What are the advantages of soldier? ›

Intangible qualities like leadership, comraderie, discipline and determination are perhaps the most rewarding of all military benefits. Still, it's nice to know that service in the Military comes with tangible benefits too, including education, medical/dental care, 30 days of paid vacation, travel discounts and more.

What are 3 advantages of social media? ›

Advantages of Social Media
  • Connectivity. Connectivity is among the most significant benefits of social media. ...
  • Education. The use of social media in education is commendable. ...
  • Information and Updates. ...
  • Awareness. ...
  • Share Anything With Others. ...
  • Helps in Building Communities. ...
  • Noble Cause. ...
  • Mental Health.
Feb 6, 2023

What are the advantages of the Army? ›

General benefits

Food and housing: Free dining services and housing on base, or allowances that are tax-free. Moving benefits: The military pays for much of your travel and expenses for required moves. Health care: Health care and dental care are covered, including prescriptions.

What are some challenges that returning soldiers faced? ›

There are many challenges that veterans face after they leave the military.
  • Unemployment. Many veterans struggle to find work after they return home. ...
  • Relationship with Themselves. Veterans do a noble thing by serving their country. ...
  • Homelessness. ...
  • Physical Handicaps. ...
  • Poor Mental Health.

What are some of the challenges military families face today? ›

Among the challenges facing military and veteran families were educational setbacks for military children, food insecurity, suicide and lack of access to mental health resources.

What do you think the biggest challenges are for military families? ›

During the deployment family members have a range of feelings and experiences, including:
  • Concern, worry or panic.
  • Loneliness, sadness.
  • Added family duties and responsibilities.
  • Learning new skills, making new friends.
  • Fear for their service member's safety.
  • Feeling overwhelmed.
  • Financial difficulties.

What are the 10 advantages of social media? ›

Advantages of social media
  • Useful for educational purposes: Social media allows you to reach a large audience and build your brand. ...
  • Build your brand: ...
  • Reach a large audience: ...
  • Target audiences based on their interests. ...
  • Stay up to date. ...
  • Get connected to new people. ...
  • Create your audiences. ...
  • Free to use.

What are 3 advantages and 3 disadvantages of social media? ›

  • Educational process. ...
  • Online marketing. ...
  • Information spreads fast. ...
  • It lets us share anything with others. ...
  • It helps you to achieve your goals. ...
  • Privacy problems. ...
  • It changes lifestyle habits, and it is sleep disruption. ...
  • Lacks emotional connection.
Jan 20, 2019

What is advantage and disadvantage of social media? ›

Top 10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Social Media
Pros of Social MediaCons of Social Media
People Can Connect Through Social MediaReduces Face-to-face Communication Skills
Good Source of Up-to-Date InformationFake News
Social Media Is Beneficial to EducationPeople's Addiction to Social Media
7 more rows
Feb 6, 2023

What is the biggest disadvantages of social media? ›

“Friends” on social media may not actually be friends, and may even be strangers. Increased usage. The more time spent on social media can lead to cyberbullying, social anxiety, depression, and exposure to content that is not age appropriate. Social Media is addicting.

What are the bad benefits of social media? ›

Although there are important benefits, social media can also provide platforms for bullying and exclusion, unrealistic expectations about body image and sources of popularity, normalization of risk-taking behaviors, and can be detrimental to mental health.

What are 3 risks of social media? ›

The risks you need to be aware of are: cyberbullying (bullying using digital technology) invasion of privacy. identity theft.

What is the social media policy in the military? ›

Soldiers using social media must abide by the UCMJ at all times, even when off duty. Commenting, posting and linking to material that violates the UCMJ or basic rules of Soldier's conduct are prohibited, along with talking negatively about supervisors or releasing sensitive information.

What are the effects of media on military operations? ›

A failure to properly integrate and coordinate with news media organizations can lead to the compromise of national security, operational security, and the deterioration of public trust and confidence. Any of these failures would degrade military operations and could result in the loss of American lives.

Why is media necessary in the army? ›

Many military senior leaders recognize and respect the media's vital role as the Fourth Estate. As the Fourth Estate, the media provides a forum for public transparency, which is necessary for legitimacy and accountability.

What are disadvantages of social media? ›

The disadvantages of social media usage include addiction, cyberbullying, the dissemination of fake news, and a direct impact on brand reputation.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of media? ›

Media Advantages and Disadvantages Comparison Table
8.The media allows for the mass manufacturing of assets to meet public demand.Addiction or excessive usage of electronic devices or the Internet can lead to health concerns.
7 more rows

What are the disadvantages of media? ›

Disadvantages of media
  • It contributes to individualism. ...
  • As a consequence, it is affected by social interactions with friends, relatives and neighbours.
  • Some content in the media is not appropriate for children.
  • It can be tough to restrict children's access to certain stuff.
  • Papers are geographically limited.

What are the main disadvantages of of war? ›

War destroys communities and families and often disrupts the development of the social and economic fabric of nations. The effects of war include long-term physical and psychological harm to children and adults, as well as reduction in material and human capital.

What are some disadvantages of war? ›

Effects of war also include mass destruction of cities and have long lasting effects on a country's economy. Armed conflict has important indirect negative consequences on infrastructure, public health provision, and social order. These indirect consequences are often overlooked and unappreciated.

How do you use advantages and disadvantages in a sentence? ›

Answer: advantage and disadvantage- mobile phone gives advantage and disadvantage.

What are the advantages of military service? ›

Military service teaches and cultivates leadership skills. Individuals learn to:
  • Take responsibility for self and actions.
  • Make sound and timely decisions.
  • Set the example.
  • Understand and accomplish assigned tasks.
  • Be dependable.
  • Cultivate abilities to meet a variety of challenges.
  • Be disciplined.
Apr 6, 2012

What are the advantages of military power? ›

U.S. military capabilities not only protect the United States and its citizens from direct threats, they also help maintain peace and stability in regions critical to U.S. interests and underwrite U.S. defense commitments around the world.

What is most important for a soldier? ›

Courage. All soldiers need courage, both physical and moral. Showing physical courage and risking injury or death to complete the mission is about controlling your fear, rather than a lack of fear. Training and discipline will help you to do your duty regardless of the dangers and discomforts.

What are 5 positive effects of social media? ›

If you're a regular social media user, you've probably encountered some or all of these positive effects at some point.
  • Building Relationships and Staying Connected. ...
  • Finding Your Voice. ...
  • Showing Empathy and Kindness. ...
  • Offering Support. ...
  • Better Communication. ...
  • Spreading News. ...
  • Building a Business. ...
  • Establishing Authority.
Nov 1, 2021

What are 4 positive effects of social media? ›

Positive Effects of Social Media on Health

Sharing of Doctors prescriptions to friends, relatives and colleagues. Consulting Doctors online anywhere and anytime. Sharing Suggestions among friends, relatives and colleagues about various diseases and its symptoms. Access to information in developing regions.

What are the 5 benefits of social media? ›

Here are five advantages of social media use:
  • Build relationships. Social media is used for more than just brand-customer interaction. ...
  • Share your expertise. You have the chance to talk about what you know and what you want to be recognized for on social media. ...
  • Increase your visibility. ...
  • Educate yourself. ...
  • Connect anytime.
Sep 20, 2022

What are 3 struggles that soldiers faced in the trenches? ›

The trench experience involved the terror of mud, slime and disease and the constant threat of shellfire.

What unique challenges do military families face that most others do not? ›

New Analysis Finds Quality of Life, Time Away from Family, and Unemployment Remained Top Challenges for Military Families in 2021.

What are some of the factors that can make it challenging to transition from the military to a civilian job? ›

Veterans may find difficulty:
  • Relating to people who do not know or understand what military personnel have experienced (and many civilians don't know that they don't know!).
  • Reconnecting with family and re-establishing a role in the family. ...
  • Joining or creating a community. ...
  • Preparing to enter the work force.

What are some social issues in the military? ›

The chronic problems experienced by soldiers and their families include emotional, mental, and physical duress.
  • Employment problems.
  • Combat.
  • Reintegration into the general population.
  • Relationship problems.
  • Physical symptoms from emotional and physical trauma.
Mar 22, 2021

What are some special challenges that military members face as they navigate relationships and marriages? ›

Common challenges for military couples
  • Frequent separations. Deployments and temporary duty assignments mean that military members spend more time away from home than the average civilian. ...
  • Permanent change of station moves. ...
  • Transitions.
Sep 18, 2020

What are some of the biggest challenges and difficulties facing families in today's society? ›

Challenges Facing Families
  • Abuse.
  • Addiction.
  • Communication Issues.
  • Divorce.
  • Grief.
  • Parenting.
  • Pornography.
  • Same-Sex Attraction.

What are the negative effects of child soldiers? ›

According to the study authors, former child soldiers may face rejection from family and their communities, along with physical injuries and psychological trauma. Previous studies have found former child soldiers have high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression.

Why is it important to support military families? ›

It is important to support the military because they are in fact members of your own community. When you and your community are in need, members of the military are there for you – and so it's only right to be there for them as well.

What are the challenges of followership in military? ›

Dissent in Followership

The challenge for followers is approaching their superiors, looking them in the eye, and telling them that they disagree with a decision. The Army has some superiors who do not appreciate, acknowledge, or want to have anyone challenge their authority.

How does the media affect the military? ›

A failure to properly integrate and coordinate with news media organizations can lead to the compromise of national security, operational security, and the deterioration of public trust and confidence. Any of these failures would degrade military operations and could result in the loss of American lives.

What are the negative effects of military? ›

Short and long term responses to these exposures manifest as depression, anxiety, stress, and moral distress that result in burnout, compassion fatigue, post-traumatic stress, and post-traumatic stress disorder (Adler et al., 2017; Gibbons et al., 2012; Goldstein, 2016).

What should military not post on social media? ›

Do not discredit yourself, your family, your organization, or your Army by using inappropriate language or content. Only post or discuss issues related to your professional expertise or personal experience. Remember, your behavior online is reflective of your Army's image.

Can military get in trouble for social media? ›

Soldiers using social media must abide by the UCMJ at all times, even when off duty. Commenting, posting and linking to material that violates the UCMJ or basic rules of Soldier's conduct are prohibited, along with talking negatively about supervisors or releasing sensitive information.

Are soldiers not allowed to use social media? ›

Soldiers are authorized to use and belong to a variety of social media platforms as long as their involvement does not violate unit policy and the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Here are a few key items Soldiers should keep in mind when using social media platforms.

What is the relationship between the military and media? ›

The relationship between the military and the press is complicated and based on competing interests, although both center on the idea of providing a public good. The media serves the public's need to know and the military protects the public interest.

What is a negative impact of military spending? ›

Military spending tends to have a negative impact on economic growth. Over a 20-year period, a 1% increase in military spending will decrease a country's economic growth by 9%. Increased military spending is especially detrimental to the economic growth of wealthier countries.

What are positive effects of military? ›

Military service can result in personal growth and positive emotional experiences, such as: Enhanced maturity. Self-improvement. Knowing oneself better (e.g., strengths, capabilities, areas for improvement)

Are soldiers allowed to have TikTok? ›

Troops and family members could be jeopardizing national security with their use of the TikTok video-sharing app, a U.S. regulator told lawmakers. While the military services have banned the use of TikTok from government devices, troops and family members do use the app on personal devices.

Can soldiers talk to the media? ›

Your chain of command will normally allow this as long as it is authorized by public affairs. A great way to conduct an interview is do it on your turf. Try to get a list of questions that the media will be asking you. Once you have the questions, go over them with your chain of command and public affairs.

Can military members post on social media about politics? ›

However, active-duty service members may not engage in any partisan political activity such as posting or making direct links to a political party, partisan political candidate, campaign, group or cause.

What are two social issues related to war? ›

The findings showed that displacement, lack of basic needs for survival, social disruption, exposure to violence, depression, psychosis, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, substance use and abuse, and behavioral disturbances are psycho-social problems manifested among people affected by war.

What are three challenges military families face? ›

Among the challenges facing military and veteran families were educational setbacks for military children, food insecurity, suicide and lack of access to mental health resources.

Why is social work important in the military? ›

Social workers help veterans and active service members work through mental and emotional challenges, providing therapy, risk assessments, and counseling, as well as access to supportive resources. Many times, veterans need help adjusting to civilian life. Social workers may help to ease this transition.


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